25 Most Ruthless Political Parties to Ever Hold Power
20. Kuomintang (KMT)
Also known as the Nationalist Party, it was led by Chiang Kai-shek after the death of its former leader Sun Yat-sen in 1925. As a socially conservative leader, Chang Kai-shek promoted traditional Chinese culture in his â€˜New Life Movement’ while rejecting western democracy and the nationalistic democratic socialism that Sun Yat-sen and other KMT leaders embraced. After their defeat with the CPC in 1949, he formed a nationalist authoritarian government in Taiwan where they were forced to retreat and imposed martial law in the era known as the “White Terror”.
15. United Russia
A centrist political party, which was founded in December 2001 as a merger among the Unity and Fatherland-All Russia parties, it is now the leading and largest political party in Russia. As a â€˜Russian conservative party,’ it is associated with President and former Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Due to his favoritism and partiality, the current system of government has been given the negative label of “Putinism”.
10. ZANU Political Party
Robert Mugabe served as the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and became the first executive head of state when he won the election in 1987. However, in the year 2000 Mugabe and his governmental body, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) Party gained international attention when it embarked on a controversial fast-track land reform program. Though it was intended to right the inequitable land distribution brought about by colonial rule, it led to the deterioration of the country’s economic situation. The often violent land seizure drew criticisms from the British and American governments, which resulted in wide range of sanctions imposed on Mugabe and his party.
5. Popular Movement of the Revolution
This one-party system was established on May 20, 1967 by then-President Joseph-Desire Mobutu (Mobutu Sese Seko) after leading a coup against the nationalist government of Patrice Lumumba. After establishing a presidential form of government in 1967, with him as its president, he created his program of “national authenticity” where he changed the name of Congo to Zaire in 1971 and then changed his name to Mobutu Sese Seko. The party system that he founded from 1965 to 1997 gave him political control over the country and also led him to amass huge personal wealth from economic exploitation and corruption as he attempted to purge the country of all colonial rule while maintaining his anti-communist stance.